Antonio Meloni has been working in the field of scientific research, in particular in Geophysics, since the second half of the 1970s. In 1986, his great ‘love’ for Antarctica began, ignited by field activities with the National Research Program in Antarctica.
He joined the Italian expedition in the southern hemisphere in the summer of 1986/87. He then participated in the 1989/1990 summer expedition. After a few years, he returned to Antarctica for the 1997/1998 expedition, this time also as a Scientific Coordinator. Additionally, he participated in the Antarctic expedition, (southern summer) 1999/2000, again as the Scientific Coordinator.
He has also held various institutional roles at INGV and other Italian and foreign institutions. From 2000 to 2004, he was a Board of Directors member at INGV. From 2007-2011, he was Director of the Geomagnetism Aeronomy and Environmental Geophysics Department, also at INGV. From 2012 to 2015, once more, a Board of Directors member at INGV.
In the international scientific community, he has been employed in various roles in scientific associations, scientific councils and on the Editorial Boards of various scientific journals
Beginning in 2016, he has been President of the National Scientific Commission for Antarctica (CSNA) for the National Research Program in Antarctica (PNRA) run by the Ministry of Education, University and Research, in Italy.